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Pharmacy Statistics

The Bureau of Statistics of the Estonian State Agency of Medicines has the responsibility to collect data from pharmacies concerning their sphere of activity. The pharmacy statistics based on the quarterly reports of general, hospital and veterinary pharmacies.

Number of Pharmacies

In Estonia, there are three types of pharmacies: general pharmacies, hospital pharmacies and veterinary pharmacies. Pharmacies may have branch pharmacies and a pharmacy-bus as structural units. Licensed general pharmacies can also offer the e-pharmacy service.

NO OF PHARMACIES IN THE BEGINNING OF THE YEAR

 

2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
General pharmacies

498

479

475

476

472

Hospital pharmacies

24

24

23

23

24

Veterinary pharmacies

3

3

1

1

1

Overviews of Pharmacy Statistics 

The total turnover of pharmacies has increased during 20 years. In 2023, the total turnover of all pharmacies and their branch pharmacies was 691 million euros.

TURNOVER OF ALL PHARMACIES 2002–2023

More information:

The overviews describing the professional activities of pharmacies based on the quarterly reports here

Activity licenses of pharmacies here.

The location of pharmacies here.

Number of inhabitants per pharmacy,

in the beginning of 2023 in major cities and counties compared to the Estonian average

​General Pharmacies

The turnover of general pharmacies includes sales of medicines and sales of other products. The turnover of medicines includes sales of non-prescription medicines, prescription medicines and veterinary medicines. The other products sold in pharmacies include hygiene products, medical supplies, medical equipment, food additives, cosmetics etc. In 2023, the proportion of medicines and other products of total turnover was 73% (393 million euros) and 27% (149 million euros), respectively, in general pharmacies.

TURNOVER OF GENERAL PHARMACIES IN 2019–2023

The turnover of prescription medicines can in turn be divided into turnover of medicines reimbursed by the Estonian Health Insurance Fund (EHIF) or not. In 2023, the turnover of reimbursed medicines increased by 11% compared to the previous year. The share of patient and the Health Fund was 23% and 77%, respectively.

TURNOVER OF REIMBURSED MEDICINES IN GENERAL PHARMACIES IN 2019–2023

In 2022, 11.6 million prescriptions were handled in general pharmacies. The prescriptions reimbursed by EHIF has the largest proportion (9.8 million prescriptions), and the number of prescriptions without discounts was 1.7 million.

e-PHARMACY-MARKET 2021–2023

Estonian Pharmacy-market (million euros)
2021
2022
2023

Turnover of general pharmacies

461

506

542

Turnover of other products

138

147

149

Turnover of medicines

323

359

393

Turnover of non-prescription medicines

63

75

75

Turnover of prescription medicines

259

283

317

Estonian e-Pharmacy-market (million euros)

2021

2022

2023

Turnover of e-pharmacies

8.7

10.3

12.6

Turnover of other products

6.8

7.6

9.6

Turnover of medicines

1.9

2.7

3.0

Turnover of non-prescription medicines

0.8

1.1

1.0

Turnover of prescription medicines

1.1

1.6

2.0

Share of e-Pharmacies
2021
2022
2023

Turnover of pharmacies

1.9%

2.0%

2.3%

Turnover of other products

5.0%

5.2%

6.4%

Turnover of medicines

0.6%

0.8%

0.8%

Turnover of non-prescription medicines

1.2%

1.4%

1.4%

Turnover of prescription medicines

0.4%

0.6%

0.6%

In 2023, 12 million prescriptions were handled in general pharmacies. The prescriptions reimbursed by EHIF has the largest proportion (10.2 million prescriptions), and the number of prescriptions without discounts was 1.8 million.

Prescriptions handled by general pharmacies in 2023

​Hospital Pharmacies

In 2023, the total turnover of hospital pharmacies was 149 million euros, with an increase by 9% in total (calculated without VAT).

Turnover of hospital pharmacies in 2019–2023
Total Expenditure on Medicines

The turnover of medicines in general and hospital pharmacies was 504 million euros, in 2023. The expenditure on medicines per inhabitant per year was 369 euros in total. The average amount spent by an inhabitant of Estonia on medicines was 129 euros per year. Compared to the previous year, the expenditure on prescription medicines increased 8% and the expenditure on non-prescription medicines decreased 3%.

EXPENDITURE ON MEDICINES PER INHABITANT PER YEAR, IN 2019–2023

Last updated: 28.03.2024